The picturesque town of York is located in the AvonValley region of Western Australia's Wheatbelt.
It is approximately 100km east of Perth and approximately an hour's drive from Midland.
The Avon River runs through York and also Northam (approximately 36km to the north) and Beverley (approximately 33km to the south). York has a temperate climate with hot dry summers and cool wet winters.
The region is the traditional home of the Ballardong Noongar Aboriginal people.
York is WA's first inland town, founded in 1831 only two years after Perth.
The AvonValley contains fertile farmland and was important to provide food for the development of the capital city. York was named after Yorkshire in England after a pioneer noted its resemblance to that county.
The growth of York was enhanced by the arrival of convict labour in the colony in 1850. York became a convict depot in 1852, and part of the depot remains today as The York Residency Museum. By 1859, York was the third largest town in WA.
In the 2011 census, the population of the town of York was 2387 people. The Shire of York has an area of 2133 square kilometres and in the 2011 census a population of 3396 people. Agriculture remains a significant contributor to York's economy.
York has been fortunate in retaining many of its historic buildings, and the townsite of York was the first in WA to be formally proclaimed as an HistoricTown by the National Trust.
The York Information Services is located in the historic Town Hall. When this building was completed in 1911, it had the largest floor space of any town hall in WA. Today it is said to be one of the most photographed buildings in the state.
Other historic buildings include the Courthouse Complex (a National Trust WA property) and the Anglican (Holy Trinity) and Catholic (St Patrick's) churches. The Castle Hotel (first part constructed in 1842) is one of WA's oldest hotels still in use.
Attractions and activities include self-guided town walks and scenic drives, the suspension bridge over the Avon River, the Mt Brown lookout, the York Motor Museum and Skydive the Beach and Beyond. Further information is available at the York Information Services.
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